While Orange City Council is committed to managing waste responsibly, the Council is also required by legislation to publicly report on potential pollution from six sites around Orange.
A number of sites operated by Orange City Council are required to have Environmental Protection Licences (EPL) which are administered by the NSW Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997. An EPL allows a business to operate as long as it adheres to certain conditions which are stipulated in each licence.
Orange City Council holds six Environmental Protection Licences as listed below. Click on the EPL number to follow a link to the full licence on the EPAs website.
Recent changes have been made to the legislation through the Protection of the Environment Legislation Amendment Act 2011. As a result of these changes, it is compulsory for licensees to publish pollution monitoring data that is required to be collected as a condition of their licence. This applies to data obtained after 31 March 2012 as per Requirements for Publishing Pollution Monitoring Data (EPA March 2012).
How often sites are sampled varies for each site depending on the activity being undertaken and the requirements of the conditional licence for pollution monitoring. Not all licences require pollution monitoring as part of the conditional licence. Links to the City Council’s pollution monitoring data can be found below.
Some EPA monitoring points don’t require pollution monitoring but are for other parameters, such as volumetric flows. Where concentration limits are included in the licence these have been included in the data tables for the pollution monitoring results.
Orange Sewage Treatment Plant
The Orange Sewage Treatment plant services the city of Orange, treating approximately 11 megalitres (ML) of sewage per day. Sewage is mostly composed of household (or domestic) waste. Other wastewater that is treated at the plant includes trade waste discharge such as waste from restaurants and mechanical workshops. Sewage at this plant is treated to a tertiary level with some of the final effluent being discharged to the creek.
The licence is required at this site because of this discharge to the creek and is sampled monthly for potential pollutants. Two more locations at this site are also monitored for pollution, although this is only required annually.
Spring Hill Sewage Treatment Plant
The Spring Hill Sewage treatment plant services the villages of Spring Hill and Lucknow. This is a much smaller plant than Orange and consists of a series of ponds with extended aeration. Due to the smaller population, the Spring Hill plant treats about 70 kilolitres per day (kL/d). As per EPL 3686, final effluent is required to be monitored monthly. Final effluent has been used for irrigation purposes on nearby land. Soil and groundwater samples are collected every six months.
Spring Hill Waste Water Plant – February 2021
Phillip Street Quarry
The Phillip Street Quarry is a source of high quality hard rock suitable to produce various grades of aggregates for use throughout Orange. The quarry is located to the north east of the city near to Blackmans Swamp Creek. The requirements for monitoring this site as per EPL 5762 are different to the two sewage treatment plants.
Pollution monitoring is required if there is an overflow event. There have been very few overflow events in recent times.
Phillip Street Quarry – January 2021
Icely Road Water Treatment Plant
The Icely Rd Water Treatment Plant (WTP) supplies the population of Orange with drinking water treated to the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines. The WTP has a capacity of up to 38 ML per day. Raw water sourced from Suma Park Dam is treated through filtration, ozonation, chlorination and dosed with fluoride. The water is distributed to consumer’s taps through a network of pipes and reservoirs. The discharge of backwash water is licenced under EPL 20293 and monitored according to conditions.
Icely Road Water Treatment Plant – February 2021
Resource Recovery Centres
Ophir Road Resource Recovery Centre
The Ophir Road Resource Recovery Centre (Licence No. 5956) is located 5km North East of the Orange City CBD and is the primary receiving point for all wastes generated within the City and surrounding areas. Recyclables are processed through the Material Recovery Facility for Orange, Cabonne, Parkes, Forbes, Blayney and Bathurst Regional Council while waste is either directly deposited to the landfill or pre-processed through the Waste Baling and Organics building.
The Ophir Road Resource Recovery Centre is required to be monitored in accordance with their licence conditions and reported to the EPA in an Annual Return.
Euchareena Road Resource Recovery Centre
Euchareena Road Resource Recovery Centre (Licence No.20104) is located 5 km North East from Molong and is licenced to receive baled and wrapped residual waste and inert construction & demolition waste which is landfilled. It will also receive food and garden organics from the domestic kerbside collection which will be then processed through a tunnel composting facility collocated on the site and managed by Council’s contractor J R Richards & Sons. The composting facility has a separate Environmental Protection Licence (Licence No. 20140) where JR Richards is the Licencee.
The license may be viewed here.
Euchareena Road Resource Recovery Centre is required to be monitored in accordance with their licence conditions and reported to the EPA in an Annual Return.
The NSW Office of Environment & Heritage department operates an air quality monitoring station in Orange as part of a state-wide air quality monitoring network.
The station is located in Jaeger Reserve, alongside the Orange Croquet Club, in central Orange.
The department automatically publishes the results of hourly testing on its website. The results provide comparisons of air quality in term of visibility (NEPH) and levels of pollution caused by wood smoke in terms of the amount of air particles (PM-2.5).
To see the data for Orange : find the list for Central Tablelands > Orange on the left of the table, and then compare figures for others centres across NSW.
The menu on the left (Explaining Air Quality data) outlines what each measurement term means.
Managing your wood fire
Orange City Council encourages local residents to look for ways of reducing potential pollution from wood fires. Pollution can be drastically cut if we improve the way we use our wood heaters.
Wood smoke pollution
Smoke from wood heaters can be a major cause of air pollution. Research suggests during winter, wood heaters can produce up to seven times as much particle pollution as cars. The NSW EPA has more information about pollution from wood fires.
Tips to better manage your wood fire
Download Woodfire Management Factsheet
With funding support from the NSW EPA, Orange City Council produced this TV commercial to encourage residents to operate their wood fires responsibly.
In the event of a pollution incident, Orange City Council is required to work in line with a management plan which outlines how to deal with the community and other stakeholders. These Pollution Incident Response Management Plans can be downloaded from these links :
Wastewater Treatment Plant, Water Filtration Plant, Suma Park Dam, Spring Creek Dam and Phillip Street Quarry:
Ophir Rd Resource Recovery Centre:
Euchareena Road Resource Recovery Centre: